Enzyme cleaners are proteins produced by all living organisms that act as catalysts to speed up chemical reactions that would otherwise occur at a much slower rate or not at all. The enzyme cleaners (the catalysts) are materials that help reactions move from a beginning to an end. Enzyme cleaners are not used up in the reaction so they are available to help multiple reactions. Enzymes fit their target substrates like a lock fits a key. The active site of the enzyme is open only to specific target substances with a matching chemical and 3 dimensional shape. If the substrate doesn't fit, it can't enter and no reaction occurs. This makes the action of enzymes highly specific for their substrates. The appropriate enzyme cleaner is needed for effective cleaning of specific types of debris, such as; lipids (fats), proteins (blood, serum albumin, globulins), starches (complex carbohydrates), carbohydrates (complex sugars). The four enzyme surgical instrument cleaners that are necessary to effectively remove the emulsified contamination from surgical instruments are: Lipase Enzyme Cleaners to breakdown fat and emulsified fatty acid residue from the glycerol residue, Amylase Enzyme Cleaners to breakdown starches and to catalyze the hydrolysis of starches, Carbohydrase enzyme surgical instrument cleaners to breakdown starch to lower level carbohydrates, and Protease Enzyme Cleaners to breakdown blood including proteinases and peptidases.
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